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Presidential Elections in India - REPORT

Presidential Elections in India - REPORT
Conducted by:
Ms. Christina
Ms. Juliet

In this session, the topic “Presidential Elections in India” was discussed in the classroom. Students actively participated and interacted with the teachers. We discussed about how the President of India is elected in India and the electoral procedures.

The steps in Election process that were discussed are listed below:

1. Nomination

2. Voting

3. Segregating ballot papers

4. Counting votes

5. Deciding the winner

6. Taking oath


Steps in detail:

1. Nomination

Each candidate considering a run for the President of India's office is supposed to file their nominations by the set date. The candidates are also required to fork over Rs 15,000 as deposit and submit a signed list of 50 proposers and 50 seconders. The proposers and seconders can be any of the 4,896 electors eligible to vote in the Presidential election.

2. Voting

All elected MLAs, in their respective state and union territory capitals, and all elected MPs, at Parliament, will be given ballot papers (green coloured for MPs and pink coloured for MLAs) to cast their vote. They will also be given special pens, which is the only instrument they can use to record their votes.

3. Segregating ballot papers

After casting the votes, the Returning Officer will verify all ballots and begin the counting process using the ballots that are valid. The ballot papers will be taken up state-wise and allotted to each candidate's tray depending on whose name appears as the first preference. Then the ballots papers of the Members of Parliament are similarly distributed.

4. Counting votes

The total number of votes that a Presidential candidate garners is calculated by adding up the value of all the ballots in which a particular candidate receives a first preference.

5. Deciding the winner

The winner of the Presidential election is not the person who gets the most number of votes, but the person who gets more votes than a certain quota. The quota is decided by adding up the votes polled for each candidate, dividing the sum by 2 and adding '1' to the quotient. The candidate who polls more votes than the quote is the winner and is declared as the winner of the President of India.

6. Taking oath

A day after the sitting President demits office, the President-elect will take oath. The oath for President is usually administered by the Chief Justice of India. The President-elect will be administered the following oath in order to be sworn in:

"I, A.B., do swear in the name of God/solemnly affirm that I will faithfully execute the office of President (or discharge the functions of the President) of India and will do the best of my ability preserve, protect and defend the Constitution and the law and that I will devote myself to the service and well-being of the people of India."

The above quoted content was discussed by the student forum and the teachers. Students understood the election process well during the end of session.